USDA Poultry Slaughter Inspection Rule Timeline of Events
1957 – Regulations for poultry slaughter inspection adopted.
1985 – National Academy of Sciences report, “Meat and Poultry Inspection: The Scientific Basis of the Nation’s Program,” recommended that USDA’s Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) focus on pathogenic organisms and require that all official establishments operate under a Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) system for control of pathogens and other safety hazards.
1987 – Second National Academy of Sciences report, “Poultry Inspection: The Basis for a Risk Assessment Approach,” concluded, “that the present system of inspection does very little to protect the public against microbial hazards in young chickens.”
1994 – Government Accountability Office report, “Meat Safety: Inspection System’s Ability to Detect Harmful Bacteria Remains Limited,” stated the resource problem clearly. “Labor-intensive inspection procedures and inflexible inspection frequencies drain resources that could be put to better use in a risk-based system. To better protect the public from foodborne illnesses, FSIS must move to a modern, scientific, risk-based inspection system.”
1996 – FSIS Issues Pathogen Reduction and Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) Rule. HACCP is a method of identifying potential problem areas and maintaining written plans for managing the risks they present.
1997 – FSIS Proposes HACCP-Based Inspection Model Project (HIMP)
1999 – HIMP goes into effect in 20 chicken processing plants, five turkey plants and one pork plant
2012 – January – After collecting data for 13 years, FSIS proposes a modernized Poultry Slaughter Inspection system, a voluntary expansion of the HIMP pilot.
2012 – April – FSIS extends comment period on proposed rule
2012 – May 29 – Comment period closes
2014 – July 10 – USDA sends final rule to OMB for review
2014 – July 31 – OMB clears rule and sends final to USDA.